LAFAYETTE’S ORDER TO RESTORE PUBLIC SAFETY FOLLOWING THE REVOLUTION OF 1830
LAFAYETTE. Ordre du Jour, au Quartier général à Paris. Paris: Vinchon, September 1, 1830. Broadside on laid stock (16 by 20-1/2 inches). $1200.
Original French military broadside, issued by Lafayette as commander of the National Guard, announcing the formation of four new legions to maintain order in Paris following the July Revolution of 1830.
The July Revolution of 1830 (known by the French as the “Trois Glorieuses”) created a constitutional monarchy, thereby replacing the principle of hereditary right to the throne with that of popular sovereignty. On the second day of rioting, Paris military commander Marshal Marmont wrote King Charles X, “It is no longer a riot, it’s a revolution.” Charles then abdicated rather than become a limited monarch, and escaped to England. To replace him, the rebels were divided into republicans for the Marquis de Lafayette and monarchists for the conservative Duke of Orléans, Louis-Philippe. Lafayette declined, supporting instead Louis-Philippe, who assumed the throne and agreed to rule as constitutional monarch. On the third day of rioting, following the defection of two regiments, Marmont’s troops evacuated Paris and Lafayette was appointed commander of the reconstituted National Guard. This military broadside, originally issued on August 25th by Lafayette, announces the formation of four provisional legions, whose strategic positions within Paris will restore “authorités civiles” and assure public safety. It contains an additional order dated August 31st describing the re-organization of the Guard and calling for experienced officers.
Only a few very faint spots of foxing. Fine condition.