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“THE FIRST MODERN ATTEMPT TO ANALYSE HUMAN KNOWLEDGE”

LOCKE, John. An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. London, 1690.

Rare first edition, first issue, of Locke's remarkable study of the nature of knowledge, a fundamental work in the history of Western thought. Locke's investigation was continued by David Hume and Immanuel Kant; John Stuart Mill considered Locke to be the founder of the analytic philosophy of mind. An excellent, wide-margined copy of Locke's most famous work, a touchstone of the Age of Enlightenment, with extensive marginalia in a neat early hand indicating that this copy was well-read. $65,000.

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“THE CLEAREST OF ALL EXPOSITIONS OF THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY” (PMM): PAINE’S RIGHTS OF MAN, PARTS I & II, 1791-1792

PAINE, Thomas. Rights of Man. BOUND WITH: Part the Second. London, 1791, 1792.

Extremely rare editions of both parts of Paine's revolutionary classic Rights of Man, together in one volume, featuring the rare and desirable Jordan second edition, first issue of Part I, issued mere days after his first edition, bound together with the Jordan third edition of Part II. Paine's Rights of Man, one of his most important, influential, and best-selling works, is "the clearest of all expositions on the basic principles of democracy" (PMM), and remains "one of the most ardent and clear defenses of human rights, liberty, and equality in any language" (Fruchtman). Paine hoped the work "would do for England what his Common Sense had done for America" (Gimbel), but it resulted in the prosecution of Paine, his publishers and booksellers, and forced Paine to flee to France. $25,000.

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“THE UNFOLDING OF A MIND OF GENIUS IN DIALOGUE WITH ITSELF”

MONTAIGNE. Essayes Written in French. London, 1613.

Second edition in English of Montaigne’s seminal masterpiece, with the important Elizabethan translation of John Florio used by Shakespeare as a source for The Tempest (circa 1611), a work profoundly influenced by Lucretius, who is quoted almost a hundred times in the work, a splendid folio volume in contemporary calf boards. $16,000.

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“THE UNDISPUTED BIBLE OF ECONOMIC DOCTRINE”

MILL, John Stuart. Principles of Political Economy. London, 1848. Two volumes.

First edition of Mill's important and influential work on political economy, "the undisputed bible of economic doctrine" (Roll, 353), a beautiful copy in original cloth. $12,000.

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"SMITH HIMSELF RANKED IT ABOVE THE WEALTH OF NATIONS"

SMITH, Adam. Theory of Moral Sentiments. London, 1767.

Major third edition of Smith's first book, containing the first publication in book form of Smith's Considerations Concerning the First Formation of Languages, increasingly seen as "reflecting core ideas about communication that are integral to the full system of Smith's thought," along with the second edition's revisions at the core of "his central concepts of sympathy and the impartial spectator" (Tribe, 14), a seminal 1767 edition of Moral Sentiments—"one of the truly outstanding books in the intellectual history of the world" (Amartya Sen). $8200.

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“ITS APPEARANCE FORMED A NEW ERA” IN THE HISTORY OF POLITICAL ECONOMY

RICARDO, David. On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. London, 1819.

Second edition of Ricardo's most important work and a milestone of economic theory, containing important revisions and additions to 1817 first edition, including the beginning stage of Ricardo's treatment of the question of machinery, as well as some alterations in his theory of value. $6800.

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"THE MOST CITED POLITICAL THINKER AT THE TIME OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION": FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH OF MONTESQUIEU’S REFLECTIONS ON… THE ROMANS, 1734—"ONE OF HIS TWO GREAT WORKS"

(MONTESQUIEU, Charles Louis de Secondat). Reflections on the Causes… of the Romans. London, 1734.

First edition in English, issued same year as the French first edition, of Montesquieu's Reflections, also known as Considerations—"a striking first formulation of Montesquieu's treatment of politics in free society… a minor masterpiece"—foreshadowing themes of Spirit of the Laws (1748), a signal influence on Gibbon, de Tocqueville and James Madison, in contemporary calf boards. $6800.

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“THE MISERY AND SQUALOR THAT SURROUND US, THE INJURIOUS LUXURY OF SOME WEALTHY FAMILIES, THE TERRIBLE UNCERTAINTY OVERSHADOWING MANY FAMILIES OF THE POOR—THESE ARE EVILS TOO PLAIN TO BE IGNORED”

PIGOU, A.C. Wealth and Welfare. London, 1912.

First edition of Pigou’s powerful work establishing the theory of welfare—"one of the founders of modern public finance… the way that economists analyze and justify government intervention in economic affairs stems from Pigou"—a handsome copy in original cloth. $4800.

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“MEN GO MAD IN HERDS”

MACKAY, Charles. Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions. London, 1852. Two volumes. Second edition of this important, entertaining and influential early study of crowd behavior, subsequently used to explore popular psychology and to chart the stock market, with numerous wood-engraved illustrations, in original cloth. $3500.

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“IN HIS MIND'S EYE, IT WAS ALMOST AS IF HE HAD SEEN DNA”

SCHRODINGER, Erwin. What is Life? Cambridge, 1944.

First edition of Schrödinger’s physical, biological and philosophical treatise on life—“arguably one of the most influential in the 20th century"—with three pages of photographic plates, one color plate, and numerous in-text illustrations, in original dust jacket. $2800.

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FIRST APPEARANCE OF LOCKE'S CONDUCT OF THE UNDERSTANDING, INTENDED AS "THE LARGEST CHAPTER" OF HIS ESSAY ON HUMANE UNDERSTANDING

LOCKE, John. Posthumous Works. London, 1706.

First edition of Locke's Posthumous Works, featuring the first publication of his Conduct of the Understanding, once planned as "the largest chapter of my Essay [on Humane Understanding]," along with the first appearance of two works from his final years—Discourse of Miracles and his unfinished Fourth Letter on Toleration—together with Memoirs of Shaftsbury (1705), New Method (1686) and the first publication of Examination of P. Malebranche's Opinion. $2600.

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BACON, Sir Francis. The Essayes. London, 1639.

Scarce 1639 edition of Bacon’s Essays, a classic work of English literature, this copy one of those remaining from the suppressed Beale edition, which was confiscated when his “right to the title was disputed and his press taken down” (Pforzheimer 29). Attractive in contemporary calf covers. $2000.

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"THE AGE PREFERRED THE REIGN OF INTELLECT TO THE REIGN OF LIBERTY"

HAYEK, Friedrich A. Counter-Revolution of Science. Glencoe, Illinois, 1952.

First edition of Nobel laureate Hayek's critique of "scientism," written at the same time as The Road to Serfdom, his important defense of the free market. $1200.

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"INAUGURATED THE EXISTENTIALIST ERA IN FRANCE AND ABROAD"

SARTRE, Jean Paul. Existentialism. New York, 1947.

First edition in English of Sartre's epoch-making Paris lecture on existentialism—"the first sustained exposition of Sartre's philosophy to appear in English," including an "exact transcription of the discussion" that followed Sartre's lecture, in original dust jacket. $850.

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“MISES SHOWS HERE HOW MISTAKEN MONETARY POLICIES LEAD TO THE DESTRUCTION OF LIBERTY”

MISES, Ludwig von. Theory of Money and Credit. New Haven, 1953.

First revised and expanded edition of Mises' landmark in free market economic theory, the first to include his important essay on Monetary Reconstruction, in original dust jacket. $850.

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