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The Father Of Modern Political Science

3. MACHIAVELLI, Niccolo.

The Works of the Famous Nicholas

Machiavel.

London, 1680. Tall quarto, contemporary full brown marbled

calf rebacked with original spine neatly laid down.

$4700.

Second edition of Henry Neville’s English translation of the great Italian

statesman’smost important writings, includingThe Art ofWar, Discourses

on Livy, and his primer of power politics, The Prince, in contemporary

boards. Although Machiavelli had been the ambassador and adviser of

Popes and Cardinals in his day,

Pope Paul IV placed his works in the

severest category of the “Index Librorum Prohibitorum,” and Clement

VIII made a fresh prohibition of a Lausanne edition of his “Discorsi.”

Henry Neville first published his “excellent translation” (DNB) of

Machiavelli’s collected works in 1675, although English translations of

his individual works began appearing as early as 1562 with

The Art of

War

. One small hole and minor ink mark on the title and the contents

pages, final two leaves with repaired closed tears. Corners restored. A

handsome copy.

“Symbol Of The Free Press As

A Bulwark Against Tyranny”

4. (ZENGER, John Peter).

The Trial of John

Peter Zenger, of New-York, Printer.

London,

1765. Slim octavo, period-style three-quarter

calf gilt.

$4000.

1765 London edition of

the landmark trial of

John Peter Zenger, “one of the famous decisions

in legal history, establishing the epochal doc-

trine of the freedom of the press”

(Howes).

Zenger published the

New York Weekly

Journal

, whose policies opposed those of

Governor William Cosby. In 1734 he was

arrested for libel and brilliantly defended

by Andrew Hamilton. The jury acquitted

Zenger on the ground that, in fact, his news-

paper printed true facts. Zenger himself

first published

The Case and Tryal of John

Peter Zenger

as a folio pamphlet in 1736; it

became “the most famous publication issued

in America” at the time (Church 1016). Text

fresh with only very lightest scattered foxing.

About-fine.

“Truth ought to govern the

whole affair of libels.”

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