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UNITED STATES CONGRESS

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AN EXTRAORDINARY AMERICAN RARITY—JEFFERSON’S PERSONAL ANNOTATED COPY OF THE LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES, (1803, 1805) FROM JEFFERSON’S LIBRARY

(JEFFERSON, Thomas) UNITED STATES CONGRESS. Laws of the United States. Vols. VI-VII. Washington City, 1803, 1805. One volume.

Thomas Jefferson's personal copy of Volumes VI and VII of the Laws of the United States, together in one most rare and remarkable volume from his library, containing Jefferson's characteristic and distinctive ownership marks, together with his annotations and marginalia in his manuscript hand, featuring the Acts of the 7th and 8th Congresses, and early printings of key laws passed from 1802-1805 (while Jefferson was President), notably containing a printing of the text of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty that is said to have been Jefferson's primary source for the treaty, also with printings of laws resulting from the Treaty, and major legislation establishing a governmental structure for the newly-acquired territory, in contemporary calf. $245,000.

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“POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE… IS INTERESTING TO US IN A HIGH DEGREE”

(FOREIGN SERVICE ACT). Foreign Service Act. Act providing the Means of Intercourse between the United States. [New York], [1790].

First edition, association copy of the pivotal Foreign Service Act, an exceptional broadside printing of the first law to formally establish diplomatic offices overseas, passed during the Second Session of the First Congress, initiated by Secretary of State Jefferson and signed into law by Washington on July 1, 1790. From the library of Stephen Row Bradley, the influential U.S. senator from Vermont and “a strong supporter of both Jefferson and Madison.” $32,000.

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EXCEPTIONAL ASSOCIATION COPY OF THE 1794 CARRIAGE ACT, RARE FIRST PRINTING OF THE FIRST AMERICAN LAW WHOSE CONSTITUTIONALITY WAS CHALLENGED AND THE FIRST TO TEST THE CONCEPT OF “JUDICIAL REVIEW”

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS). Carriage Act. Act Laying Duties Upon Carriages for the Conveyance of Persons. [Philadelphia, 1794].

First edition of Hamilton’s 1794 Carriage Act, the very first law to involve “judicial review,” defended by Alexander Hamilton in his only appearance before the Court in a momentous decision that “represented the first time the Supreme Court ever ruled on the constitutionality of an act of Congress,” a rare association copy from the library of early U.S. Senator Stephen Row Bradley, the drafter of the 12th amendment. $28,500.

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WITH EARLY PRINTINGS OF THE CONSITUTION AND THE EARLY 12-AMENDMENT BILL OF RIGHTS: RARE SECOND FOLIO EDITION OF ACTS PASSED AT THE FIRST SESSION OF AMERICA’S FIRST CONGRESS

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS). Acts Passed at a Congress of the United States. Philadelphia, [1791].

Rare second folio edition of the collected Acts passed at the First Session of the First Congress, containing an early printing of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, with its original 12 amendments, this rare association copy twice signed by the Secretary and Acting Governor of the Michigan Territory, Reuben Attwater, along with a laid-in 1804 invitation to a cotillion. One of only 600 copies printed exclusively for governmental use, a volume of landmark legislation in “the most uncharted era in American political history,” seldom seen in original self-wrappers. $9500.

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“TEACHING THE PEOPLE THEMSELVES TO KNOW AND TO VALUE
THEIR OWN RIGHTS” (WASHINGTON)

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS). Journal of the Second Session of the Senate. New York, 1790.

Scarce first edition of the official record of the Second Session of the First United States Senate, containing an early printing of Washington’s eloquent State of the Union Message delivered in the Senate Chamber, and notices of ratification of the Bill of Rights, as well as a record of debate over Hamilton’s fiscal policy, laws on Western expansion, the establishment of the judiciary, negotiation of Indian treaties, the census and the controversial location of a permanent seat of government. $8500.

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‘TEACHING THE PEOPLE THEMSELVES TO KNOW AND TO VALUE
THEIR OWN RIGHTS”

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS). Journal of the Second Session of the Senate. New York, 1790.

Scarce first edition of the official record of the Second Session of the First United States Senate, containing an early printing of Washington’s eloquent State of the Union Message delivered in the Senate Chamber, and notices of ratification of the Bill of Rights, as well as a record of debate over Hamilton’s fiscal policy, laws on Western expansion, the establishment of the judiciary, negotiation of Indian treaties, the census and the controversial location of a permanent seat of government. $8500.

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“ABOUT CONTROL, ABOUT TRUST, ABOUT INDEPENDENCE”: VERY RARE ASSOCIATION COPY OF THE BOUND ACTS OF THE SECOND SESSION OF THE FIRST CONGRESS, FROM THE LIBRARY OF STEPHEN ROW BRADLEY, ONE OF VERMONT’S FIRST U.S. SENATORS

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS). Acts Passed at the Second Session of the Congress. New York, [1790].

First edition of the first collected Acts of the Second Session of the First Congress, one of the most contentious on record where “every major decision set a precedent,” a rare association copy from the library of Stephen Row Bradley, one of the first U.S. senators from Vermont, renowned for his bill establishing the American flag of 15 stars and 15 stripes—known as the “Bradley flag.” One of only 600 copies printed, with legislation on the census, West Point and treaties with Britain and Indian tribes, and especially featuring two seminal acts whose fiercely contested debate threatened the new nation with imminent collapse: the Residency Act, establishing a permanent capital along the Potomac, and the Assumption Act, Hamilton’s proposal for federal assumption of state debts. $8500.

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EXCEPTIONALLY RARE ASSOCIATION COPY OF THE FINAL SESSION
OF THE FIRST CONGRESS, 1791, ONE OF ONLY 700 COPIES PRINTED

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS). Journal of the Third Session of the Senate. Philadelphia, 1791.

Scarce first edition of the official record of the Third Session of the First United States Senate, with Washington’s State of the Union Address and the text of the 1791 excise law that ultimately triggered the Whiskey Rebellion, this copy a rare association copy from the library of influential Vermont Senator Stephen Row Bradley and signed by him on the front board, notably featuring the act he promoted on Vermont’s admittance to the Union. One of only 700 copies printed, intended only for use by members of government. $7500.

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“AN ACT MAKING COMPENSATION TO MESSRS. LEWIS AND CLARK”: SCARCE FIRST EDITION OF VOLUME VIII OF LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1807

(LEWIS AND CLARK) (JEFFERSON, Thomas) UNITED STATES CONGRESS. Laws of the United States of America. Volume VIII. Acts Passed at the First… Second Session of the Ninth Congress. Washington City, 1807. One Volume.

First edition of Volume VIII of Laws of the United States, "published by authority," containing the official Acts passed during the 5th and 6th years of Jefferson's presidency in the First and Second Sessions of the Ninth Congress, featuring the crucial March 3, 1807 Act authorizing compensation to Lewis & Clark and members of their expedition, and the landmark March 2, 1807 Transatlantic Slave Act. $6800.

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“THE NORTHWEST FRONTIER HAD BEEN RECEDING STEADILY FOR TWO YEARS”

UNITED STATES CONGRESS. Act Governing the Western Territories. [Philadelphia, 1792].

First official printing of this crucial May 1792 Act reasserting America’s governance of the Northwest Territory against renewed incursions of the British and the “spectre of Indian war,” one of only 30 slip law copies issued. A rare association copy from the library of New England’s leading senator, Stephen Row Bradley. $6000.

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“A GREAT AND PERHAPS FATAL WAR”

UNITED STATES CONGRESS. Acts Passed by Congress… 11th, 12th & 13th Congress. Washington, 1810-1815. Seven volumes. First editions of the first official collected printings of congressional acts, printed for use by the House and Senate, containing laws and treaties enacted under President Madison as the nation faced its first war since the ratification of the Constitution—the War of 1812, these exceptional association copies from the library of leading senator Stephen Row Bradley, whose powerful support for Madison was tested by strong opposition to the war, in scarce original wrappers. $4500.

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“A VALUABLE BUFFER ZONE AGAINST THE COLONIES OF THE EUROPEAN POWERS IN NORTH AMERICA”

UNITED STATES CONGRESS. Act for Granting Lands in the Territory Northwest of the Ohio. [Philadelphia, 1791].

First official printing of a key early land-grant Act, a rare folio printing of one of the very first laws to reach into new western territories, passed by the First Congress under the supervision of Secretary of State Jefferson and approved into law by Washington on March 3, 1791. $2500.

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ACTS PASSED AT THE THIRD CONGRESS, 1794, ONE OF ONLY 600 COPIES

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS). Acts Passed at the Third Congress. Philadelphia, 1794.

First edition of the collected Acts Passed at the First Session of the Third Congress, one of only 600 copies, containing Hamilton's controversial 1794 Carriage Act, which led to his first appearance before the Supreme Court in 1796, where he successfully argued the government’s case in Hylton v. United States, “the first instance in which the Supreme Court was called upon to determine the constitutionality of a federal statute," preceding Marbury v. Madison by seven years, this volume also featuring the important act prohibiting "the carrying on the Slave-trade from the United States," with the owner signature of "J. Yeates" on the title page very possibly that of Pennsylvania Supreme Court Justice Jasper Yeates, who played a key role in ending the 1794 Whiskey Rebellion. $1800.

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“THE NEW NATION’S GRADUAL AND ORDERLY EXPANSION TO THE WEST”

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS). Ohio Western Reserve. Philadelphia, 1800.

First official printing of the House of Representative report on Connecticut’s cession of the Western Reserve territory to the federal government, thereby resolving state disputes and initiating a key step toward Ohio statehood, this association copy from the library of Stephen Row Bradley, a leading Jeffersonian and a powerful New England senator in the United States Congress. $850.

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"THE DEFEAT OF THIS ACT WAS A VICTORY FOR INDOLENCE, BARBARISM, AND DEGRADATION AS AGAINST THE INFLUENCES OF THE FARM, THE WORK-SHOP, THE SCHOOLS, AND THE GOSPEL"

(UNITED STATES CONGRESS) (NATIVE AMERICANS). Report Relative to Opening a Part of the Sioux Reservation. Washington, DC, 1888.

First edition of this governmental report on the proposed further break up of the Great Sioux Reservation, with folding map printed in color and two wood-engraved plates, one printed in red and the other in blue, representing ballots for the Sioux—the red for rejecting the terms of the act and the blue one for accepting them, with blanks provided for the voting Sioux members' names. $450.

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