February 2022 Catalogue

“The Most Important Single Work In Science”: Important Third Edition Of Darwin’s Origin Of Species, “Extensively Altered” By Darwin 19. DARWIN, Charles. On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection, Or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle For Life. London, 1861. Octavo, original green cloth. $9000. Click for more info Third edition, of which only 2000 copies were printed, of “certainly the most important biological book ever written” (Freeman), published just two years after the first edition and “extensively altered” by Darwin, in the original cloth. “This, the most important single work in science, brought man to his true place in nature” (Heralds of Science 199). The Origin was recognized immediately as important, revolutionary and highly controversial; the small first edition of only 1250 copies sold out very quickly, and is extremely rare today. By the autumn of 1859 the publisher Murray was asking Darwin to begin revising again at once for a new edition. “The third edition appeared in April 1861, 2000 copies being printed… It was extensively altered, and is of interest for the addition of a table of differences between it and the second edition… and also for the addition of the historical sketch” in which Darwin situates his work in relation to his predecessors’ work on evolution (Freeman, 78). Folding chart opposite page 123, new to this edition and included in all subsequent editions; two pages of publisher’s advertisements at rear. Freeman 381, binding variant b (no priority). PMM 344b. Dibner, 199. Owner ink signature on half title. Penciled annotations. Bookseller’s ticket. Binder’s ticket. Mild foxing to preliminaries and text block edges, text generally clean, expert reinforcement to text block and inner hinges, unrestored original cloth with light wear to foot of spine, pinprick hole to rear joint, spine gently toned, gilt bright. An extremely good copy. “This preservation of favourable variations and the rejection of injurious variations, I call Natural Selection.” February 2022 – 21 – Bauman Rare Books